|INCAP's Technical Cooperation Coordinator in this country: Gerardo Merino
Address: 73 Avenida Sur #135, Colonia Escalón, San Salvador, El Salvador
Phone: (503)2223-5582; 2279-4231; 2298-3491; 2298-3306
The Government of El Salvador through the Executive Decree No. 63 dated October 2009, created the National Council for Food and Nutritional Security (CONASAN) and has recognized the feeding right as a human fundamental right by committing to develop necessary actions to respect and protect it, as well as to facilitate and secure its fulfillment. Furthermore, this right has been ratified by the Government on several international agreements and is committed in the Constitution of the Republic. The Decree for the constitution of CONASAN established that the Food and Nutritional Security is a prior action for the Government and for the pursuit of its objectives, all organisms belonging and attributed to the Executive Organism are obliged to fulfill the terms that the Decree established.
At national level is recognized that the Government have the mandate to guarantee life quality and right for feeding of the population. The Constitution of the Republic of 1983 establishes on its clause 1 that "El Salvador recognizes to human person as the origin and end of the Government activity", and consequently, the Government is obliged to secure to the population of the Republic liberty, health, culture, economical welfare and social justice. Clause 2 explains "that all people has right to life, physical and moral integrity, liberty, security, work, ownership and possession and the conservation and defense of such aspects must be protected".
Clause 65 recognizes that "health of the Republic populations constitutes a public good. Government and people are obliged to watch for its conservation and reestablishment".
Furthermore, there is a group of clause related to education, health, technical assistance to small producers and the protection of natural resources, environment and work rights, among others; which are narrowly linked with Food and Nutritional Security. It is important to stand out that the Constitution of El Salvador considers that the social aspect must prevail over the economical. At the same time, it focuses on the protection of natural resources to guarantee the sustainable development which it is linked with the Food and Nutritional Security in the country.
Currently, there is not a specific Law of Food and Nutritional Security in the country, although, there are initiatives of Law under formulation and discussion.
It has been supported to the National Committee of Breastfeeding for the preparation of the Policy of Protection, Promotion and Support to the Breastfeeding which was official during the month of August by the Secretary of Social Inclusion of the First Lady of the Republic together with the Minister of Health.
The training to professionals about planning, preparation, implementation and assessment of programs on physical activity promotion of the members of the Physical Activity Net in El Salvador at local, departmental and national level in the field of public health was supported during the XVII International Course of Physical Activity and Public Health, celebrated on April 6
In the technical cooperation work in El Salvador can be identified the following learned lessons, which reflects interesting conclusions and recommendations:
Main challenges for 2012
Among the most important challenges identified for the technical cooperation in the country, we can mention the following: