“ Using mobile technology to prevent the progression of pre-hypertension in urban areas of Latin America"
Hypertension is an increasingly common disease in Latin America, affecting between 22% and 35% of the population in urban communities in Argentina, Guatemala and Peru. One of the most serious consequences of hypertension are cardiovascular disease (CVD), which cause 28% of all deaths in Latin America.
Interventions that promote healthy lifestyles in pre-hypertensive person can reduce their pressure, delay or even completely prevent high blood pressure. To this evidence adds, as an opportunity, the rapid expansion of mobile telephony in Latin America, where almost every urban resident has a mobile phone, and the increasing prominence of mobile health, a strategy that uses wireless communication and multimedia technologies to improve population health.
The main objective of the study was to design, implement and evaluate an intervention based mobile health strategies to reduce blood pressure and prevent the progression of prehypertension to hypertension in users of health centers in low-income urban neighborhoods of Argentina, Guatemala and Peru. The intervention combined telephone counseling by trained nutritionists in the art of motivational interviewing, sending text messages (SMS). For a year, each participant should receive counseling followed by 4 monthly SMS that promoted healthy lifestyles in 4 areas: physical activity, consumption of fruits and vegetables, consumption of fats and sugars, and salt intake and high sodium products.